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[kənˈtʰʌki]) (offiziell The Commonwealth of Kentucky) ist ein Bundesstaat der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Der Name des Staates ist shawnesischer oder​. Der gastfreundliche Staat im südlicheren Teil der USA hat viele Gesichter und wird nicht müde, diese den zahlreichen Amerika-Urlaubern stets aufs Neue zu. Kentucky ist bekannt für die optimistische, anpackende Art seiner Einwohner. Der lebendige und bunte Bundesstaat begrüßt euch mit Nationalparks, Destillerien. Kentucky liegt im Osten der USA und begrenzt sowohl den Mittleren Westen als auch Süden der USA, dennoch wird Kentucky heutzutage zu den sogenannten. Alle Infos und Fakten über den US-Bundesstaat Kentucky ✅ Für Reisende und USA Interessierte ❤️ Landkarte, Klima & Top.

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fressen, gehört Kentucky sicherlich zu dem malerischsten Staaten der USA. Ebenso sehenswert ist Louisville – die Heimat des berühmten Kentucky Derby. Kentucky liegt im Osten der USA und begrenzt sowohl den Mittleren Westen als auch Süden der USA, dennoch wird Kentucky heutzutage zu den sogenannten. Kentucky-Reisen: Erkunden Sie Kentucky in den Südstaaten der USA mit dem Mietwagen, dem Wohnmobil oder mit dem Bus. Wir beraten Sie individuell weiter​!

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Go Ninja Game Sie hatte aber nicht die gleiche wirtschaftliche Bedeutung wie in anderen Click to see more. Speed Art Museum, wurde bereits Paysafecard Codes Free Jahr gegründet und ist damit das älteste Kunstmuseum in Kentucky. Die Appalachian Mountains lassen sich grob von West nach Ost gliedern. Im Winter begann das Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources read more der erneuten Aussiedlung von Wapitis in den östlichen Countys, die in dieser Gegend seit über Jahren ausgestorben waren. Man schätzt, dass die Ausbildung des Flussdeltas in den letzten 5. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.
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There are also big variations in climate within the state. The northern parts tend to be about 5 degrees cooler than those in western parts of the state.

Somerset in the south-central part receives 10 more inches of rain per year than, for instance, Covington to the north.

Average temperatures for the entire Commonwealth go from the low 30s in January to the high 70s in mid-July. In general, Kentucky has relatively hot, humid , rainy summers, and moderately cold and rainy winters.

Temperature means vary with northern and far-eastern mountain-regions averaging five degrees cooler year-round, compared to the relatively warmer areas of the southern- and western region of the state.

Days per year below the freezing point vary from about sixty days in the southwest to more than a hundred days in the far-north and far-east.

Climate change in Kentucky encompasses the effects of climate change , attributed to man-made increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide , in the U.

Kentucky has more navigable miles of water than any other state in the union, other than Alaska. Kentucky is the only U. Though it has only three major natural lakes, [41] Kentucky is home to many artificial lakes.

Kentucky has both the largest artificial lake east of the Mississippi in water volume Lake Cumberland and surface area Kentucky Lake.

Kentucky has been part of two of the most successful wildlife reintroduction projects in United States history. In the winter of , the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources began to re-stock elk in the state's eastern counties, which had been extinct from the area for over years.

As of [update] , the herd had reached the project goal of 10, animals, making it the largest herd east of the Mississippi River.

The state also stocked wild turkeys in the s. There were reported to be less than at one point. Once nearly extinct here, wild turkeys thrive throughout today's Kentucky.

A female gray wolf shot in in Hart County, Kentucky by a hunter was the first verified sighting of the species in Kentucky in modern times.

It is not known exactly when the first humans arrived in what is now Kentucky. Based on evidence in other regions, humans were likely living in Kentucky prior to 10, BCE, but "archaeological evidence of their occupation has yet to be documented".

Around CE, a Mississippian culture took root in western and central Kentucky; by contrast, a Fort Ancient culture appeared in eastern Kentucky.

While the two had many similarities, the distinctive ceremonial earthwork mounds constructed in the former's centers were not part of the culture of the latter.

In about the 10th century, the Kentucky native people's variety of corn became highly productive, supplanting the Eastern Agricultural Complex , and replaced it with a maize-based agriculture in the Mississippian era.

French explorers in the 17th century documented numerous tribes living in Kentucky until the Beaver Wars in the s; however, by the time that European colonial explorers and settlers began entering Kentucky in greater numbers in the midth century, there were no major Native American settlements in the region.

Around the Bluestone River was the Siouan Tutelo. During a period known as the Beaver Wars , —, another Algonquian tribe called the Maumee, or Mascouten was chased out of southern Michigan.

The Maumee were closely related to the Miami of Indiana. The Shawnee from the northwest and Cherokee from the south also sent parties into the area regularly for hunting.

In July , Robert de la Salle organized twenty four men and six canoes for his expedition. In , James Harrod founded the first permanent European settlement in Kentucky at the site of present-day Harrodsburg.

As more settlers entered the area, warfare broke out with the Native Americans over their traditional hunting grounds.

A U. On several occasions the region's residents petitioned the General Assembly and the Confederation Congress for separation from Virginia and statehood.

Ten constitutional conventions were held in Danville between and One petition, which had Virginia's assent, came before the Confederation Congress in early July Unfortunately, its consideration came up a day after word of New Hampshire 's all-important ninth ratification of the proposed Constitution , thus establishing it as the new framework of governance for the United States.

In light of this development, Congress thought that it would be "unadvisable" to admit Kentucky into the Union, as it could do so "under the Articles of Confederation" only, but not "under the Constitution", and so declined to take action.

On December 18, , Virginia again gave its consent to Kentucky statehood. The United States Congress gave its approval on February 4, Isaac Shelby , a military veteran from Virginia, was elected its first Governor.

Central Kentucky, the bluegrass region, was the area of the state with the most slave owners. Planters cultivated tobacco and hemp see Hemp in Kentucky and were noted for their quality livestock.

During the 19th century, Kentucky slaveholders began to sell unneeded slaves to the Deep South , with Louisville becoming a major slave market and departure port for slaves being transported downriver.

Kentucky was one of the border states during the American Civil War. Though Kentucky was represented by the central star on the Confederate battle flag , [70] it remained officially "neutral" throughout the war due to the Union sympathies of a majority of the Commonwealth's citizens.

Some 21st-century Kentuckians observe Confederate Memorial Day on Confederate leader Jefferson Davis ' birthday, June 3, and participate in Confederate battle re-enactments.

On January 30, , Governor William Goebel , flanked by two bodyguards, was mortally wounded by an assassin while walking to the State Capitol in downtown Frankfort.

Goebel was contesting the Kentucky gubernatorial election of , which William S. Taylor was initially believed to have won.

For several months, J. Beckham , Goebel's running mate, and Taylor fought over who was the legal governor, until the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in May in favor of Beckham.

After fleeing to Indiana , Taylor was indicted as a co-conspirator in Goebel's assassination. Goebel is the only governor of a U.

As a result of the tobacco industry monopoly, tobacco farmers in the area were forced to sell their crops at prices that were too low.

Many local farmers and activists united in a refusal to sell their crops to the major tobacco companies.

An Association meeting occurred in downtown Guthrie , [74] where a vigilante wing of "Night Riders", formed. The riders terrorized farmers who sold their tobacco at the low prices demanded by the tobacco corporations.

They burned several tobacco warehouses throughout the area, stretching as far west as Hopkinsville to Princeton.

In the later period of their operation, they were known to physically assault farmers who broke the boycott. Governor Augustus E. Willson declared martial law and deployed the Kentucky National Guard to end the wars.

On October 15, , a B carrying two nuclear weapons collided in midair with a KC tanker near Hardinsburg, Kentucky.

One of the nuclear bombs was damaged by fire but both weapons were recovered. Kentucky is one of four U.

The term was used for Kentucky as it had also been used by Virginia, from which Kentucky was created.

The term has no particular significance in its meaning and was chosen to emphasize the distinction from the status of royal colonies as a place governed for the general welfare of the populace.

The commonwealth term was used in citizen petitions submitted between and for the creation of the state.

Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands are also formally commonwealths. Kentucky is one of only five states that elects its state officials in odd-numbered years the others being Louisiana , Mississippi , New Jersey , and Virginia.

Kentucky holds elections for these offices every 4 years in the years preceding Presidential election years. Thus, Kentucky held gubernatorial elections in , and The executive branch is headed by the governor who serves as both head of state and head of government.

The lieutenant governor may or may not have executive authority depending on whether the person is a member of the Governor's cabinet.

Under the current Kentucky Constitution , the lieutenant governor assumes the duties of the governor only if the governor is incapacitated.

Before the lieutenant governor assumed power any time the governor was out of the state. The governor and lieutenant governor usually run on a single ticket also per a constitutional amendment , and are elected to four-year terms.

The current governor is Andy Beshear , and the lieutenant governor is Jacqueline Coleman. Both are Democrats.

Currently, Republican Michael G. Adams serves as the Secretary of State. The commonwealth's chief prosecutor, law enforcement officer, and law officer is the Attorney General, currently Republican Daniel Cameron.

Republican Allison Ball is the current Treasurer. Republican Ryan Quarles is the current Commissioner of Agriculture. Kentucky's legislative branch consists of a bicameral body known as the Kentucky General Assembly.

The Senate is considered the upper house. In November , Republicans won control of the House for the first time since , and currently have supermajorities in both the House and Senate.

The judicial branch of Kentucky is called the Kentucky Court of Justice [83] and comprises courts of limited jurisdiction called District Courts; courts of general jurisdiction called Circuit Courts ; specialty courts such as Drug Court [84] and Family Court; [85] an intermediate appellate court, the Kentucky Court of Appeals ; and a court of last resort, the Kentucky Supreme Court.

The chief justice is appointed by, and is an elected member of, the Supreme Court of Kentucky. The current chief justice is John D.

Minton Jr. Unlike federal judges, who are usually appointed, justices serving on Kentucky state courts are chosen by the state's populace in non-partisan elections.

Kentucky's two U. In the federal judiciary, Kentucky is served by two United States district courts : the Eastern District of Kentucky , with its primary seat in Lexington, and the Western District of Kentucky , with its primary seat in Louisville.

Kentucky's body of laws, known as the Kentucky Revised Statutes KRS , were enacted in to better organize and clarify the whole of Kentucky law.

Kentucky is one of the 32 states in the United States that sanctions the death penalty for certain murders defined as heinous.

Those convicted of capital crimes after March 31, are always executed by lethal injection ; those convicted on or before this date may opt for the electric chair.

Supreme Court re-instituted the practice in The most notable execution in Kentucky was that of Rainey Bethea on August 14, Bethea was publicly hanged in Owensboro for the rape and murder of Lischia Edwards.

Kentucky has been on the front lines of the debate over displaying the Ten Commandments on public property.

In the case of McCreary County v. Kentucky has also been known to have unusually high political candidacy age laws, especially compared to surrounding states.

The origin of this is unknown, but it has been suggested [ by whom? A study found that Kentucky's Supreme Court to be the least influential high court in the nation with its decisions rarely being followed by other states.

Where politics are concerned, Kentucky historically has been very competitive. It leaned slightly toward the Democratic Party since , when the Whig Party dissolved.

The state was not included as among the " Solid South " that prevailed in the former Confederacy after states disenfranchised blacks at the turn of the century.

The southeastern section had aligned with the Union during the war and tended to support Republican candidates. In a reversal of the demographics of party alignment in the post-Civil War nineteenth century, in the 21st century, state Democrats include liberal whites, African Americans, and other minorities.

As of March , Some 8. From through , Kentucky voted for the eventual winner of the election for President of the United States; however, in the election the state lost its bellwether status.

Voters in the Commonwealth supported the previous three Democratic candidates elected to the White House in the late 20th century, all from Southern states: Lyndon B.

In 21st-century presidential elections, the state has become a Republican stronghold, supporting that party's presidential candidates by double-digit margins from through At the same time, voters have continued to elect Democratic candidates to state and local offices in many jurisdictions.

As of July 1, , Kentucky had an estimated population of 4,,, which is an increase of 12, from the prior year and an increase of 97,, or 2.

This includes a natural increase since the last census of 73, people that is , births minus , deaths and an increase due to net migration of 26, people into the state.

Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 40, people, and migration within the country produced a net decrease of 13, people.

As of [update] , Kentucky's population included about , foreign-born persons 3. In , the population density of the state was people per square mile Kentucky's population has grown during every decade since records have been kept.

But during most decades of the 20th century there was also net out-migration from Kentucky. Since , rural Kentucky counties have had a net loss of more than 1 million people to migration, while urban areas have experienced a slight net gain.

Kentucky's center of population is in Washington County , in the city of Willisburg. According to U. Census Bureau official statistics, the largest ancestry in was American totalling Americans of Scots-Irish and English stock are present throughout the entire state.

Many residents claim Irish ancestry because of known "Scots-Irish" among their ancestors, who immigrated from Ireland, where their ancestors had moved for a period from Scotland during the plantation period.

As of the s, the only counties in the United States where over half of the population cited " English " as their only ancestry group were in the hills of eastern Kentucky virtually every county in this region had a majority of residents identifying as exclusively English in ancestry.

The Ridgetop Shawnee organized in the early 21st century as a non-profit to gain structure for their community and increase awareness of Native Americans in Kentucky.

In the census, some 20, people in the state identified as Native American 0. The number of African Americans living in Kentucky declined during the 20th century.

Many migrated during the early part of the century to the industrial North and Midwest during the Great Migration for jobs and the chance to leave segregated, oppressive societies.

Other areas with high concentrations, beside Christian and Fulton counties and the Bluegrass region, are the cities of Paducah and Lexington.

Some mining communities in far Southeastern Kentucky have populations that are between five and 10 percent African-American. In , Speech patterns in the state generally reflect the first settlers' Virginia and Kentucky backgrounds.

South Midland features are best preserved in the mountains, but some common to Midland and Southern are widespread.

For instance, Coop has the vowel of put , but the root rhymes with boot. In southern Kentucky, earthworms are called redworms , a burlap bag is known as a tow sack or the Southern grass sack , and green beans are called snap beans.

In Kentucky English, a young man may carry , not escort, his girlfriend to a party. Spanish is the second-most-spoken language in Kentucky, after English.

Kentucky is home to several seminaries. Asbury Theological Seminary , a multi-denominational seminary in the Methodist tradition, is located in nearby Wilmore.

Bardstown is home Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani , home of Trappist monk, social activist and author Thomas Merton from until his death in Louisville is home to the Cathedral of the Assumption , the third oldest Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.

In , the Center for Interfaith Relations established the Festival of Faiths, the first and oldest annual interfaith festival to be held in the United States.

The Christian creationist apologetics group Answers in Genesis , along with its Creation Museum , is headquartered in Petersburg, Kentucky.

Louisville also has Muslim , [] Jewish , and Hindu communities. Early in its history, Kentucky gained recognition for its excellent farming conditions.

It was the site of the first commercial winery in the United States started in present-day Jessamine County in and due to the high calcium content of the soil in the Bluegrass region quickly became a major horse breeding and later racing area.

Today Kentucky ranks 5th nationally in goat farming, 8th in beef cattle production, [] and 14th in corn production. Today Kentucky's economy has expanded to importance in non-agricultural terms as well, especially in auto manufacturing, energy fuel production, and medical facilities.

Kentucky ranks 4th among U. Kentucky has historically been a major coal producer, but the coal industry has been in decline since the s, and the number of people employed in the coal industry there dropped by more than half between and Fort Knox , a United States Army post best known as the site of the United States Bullion Depository , which is used to house a large portion of the United States official gold reserves , is located in Kentucky between Louisville and Elizabethtown.

The new complex employs nearly 4, soldiers and civilians. Kentucky contains two of the twenty U. As of October , the state's unemployment rate is 4.

Tax is collected by the Kentucky Department of Revenue. Kentucky has a broadly based classified property tax system.

All classes of property, unless exempted by the Constitution, are taxed by the state, although at widely varying rates. Of the classes that are subject to local taxation, three have special rates set by the General Assembly , one by the Kentucky Supreme Court and the remaining classes are subject to the full local rate, which includes the tax rate set by the local taxing bodies plus all voted levies.

Until January 1, , Kentucky imposed a tax on intangible personal property held by a taxpayer on January 1 of each year.

The Kentucky intangible tax was repealed under House Bill Some types of intangible property included: bonds, notes, retail repurchase agreements , accounts receivable, trusts, enforceable contracts sale of real estate land contracts , money in hand, money in safe deposit boxes , annuities, interests in estates, loans to stockholders, and commercial paper.

In December , the Kentucky governor Paul Patton unveiled the state slogan "It's that friendly", [] in hope of drawing more people into the state based on the idea of southern hospitality.

This campaign was neither a failure nor a success. So government decided to create a different slogan to embrace Kentucky as a whole while also encouraging more people to visit the Bluegrass.

Since that time, the "Welcome to Kentucky" signs at border areas have an "Unbridled Spirit" symbol on them.

The parkways were originally toll roads , but on November 22, , Governor Ernie Fletcher ended the toll charges on the William H.

Natcher Parkway and the Audubon Parkway , the last two parkways in Kentucky to charge tolls for access. Ending the tolls some seven months ahead of schedule was generally agreed to have been a positive economic development for transportation in Kentucky.

Amtrak , the national passenger rail system, provides service to Ashland , South Portsmouth , Maysville and Fulton.

The City of New Orleans trains 58 and 59 serve Fulton. The terminal is just across the Ohio River in Cincinnati. The line originates in Cincinnati and terminates miles south in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Other areas in Kentucky are reclaiming old railways in rail trail projects. One such project is Louisville's Big Four Bridge. When the bridge's Indiana approach ramps opened in , completing the pedestrian connection across the Ohio River, the Big Four Bridge rail trail became the second-longest pedestrian-only bridge in the world.

The airport is one of DHL Aviation 's three super-hubs, serving destinations throughout the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia, making it the 7th busiest airport in the U.

There are also a number of regional airports scattered across the state. As the state is bounded by two of the largest rivers in North America, water transportation has historically played a major role in Kentucky's economy.

Louisville was a major port for steamships in the nineteenth century. Today, most barge traffic on Kentucky waterways consists of coal that is shipped from both the Eastern and Western Coalfields, about half of which is used locally to power many power plants located directly off the Ohio River , with the rest being exported to other countries, most notably Japan.

Many of the largest ports in the United States are located in or adjacent to Kentucky, including:. As a state, Kentucky ranks 10th overall in port tonnage.

The only natural obstacle along the entire length of the Ohio River is the Falls of the Ohio , located just west of Downtown Louisville.

Kentucky is subdivided into counties , the largest being Pike County at Despite the unusual name, the Fiscal Court no longer has judicial functions.

Kentucky's two most populous counties, Jefferson and Fayette, have their governments consolidated with the governments of their largest cities.

Although the counties still exist as subdivisions of the state, in reference the names Louisville and Lexington are used to refer to the entire area coextensive with the former cities and counties.

Somewhat incongruously, when entering Lexington-Fayette the highway signs read "Fayette County" while most signs leading into Louisville-Jefferson simply read "Welcome to Louisville Metro".

The Metro Louisville government area has a population of 1,, The latter figure is the population of the so-called "balance" —the parts of Jefferson County that were either unincorporated or within the City of Louisville before the formation of the merged government in Since , over one-third of the state's population growth has occurred in the Louisville CSA.

In addition, the top 28 wealthiest places in Kentucky are in Jefferson County and seven of the 15 wealthiest counties in the state are located in the Louisville CSA.

The second largest city is Lexington with a census population of ,, its metro had a population of ,, and its CSA , which includes the Frankfort and Richmond statistical areas, having a population of , This area is often referred to as the Golden triangle as it contains a majority of the state's wealth, population, population growth, and economic growth, it is also where most of the state's largest cities by population are located.

Interstates I, I, and I form the triangle shape. As of [update] Bowling Green had a population of 67,, making it the third most-populous city in the state.

The Bowling Green metropolitan area had an estimated population of ,; and the combined statistical area it shares with Glasgow has an estimated population of , Although only one town in the "Tri Cities", namely Somerset, currently has more than 12, people, the area has been experiencing heightened population and job growth since the s.

Growth has been especially rapid in Laurel County, which outgrew areas such as Scott and Jessamine counties around Lexington or Shelby and Nelson Counties around Louisville.

London significantly grew in population in the s, from 5, in to 7, in London also landed a Wal-Mart distribution center in , bringing thousands of jobs to the community.

In northeast Kentucky, the greater Ashland area is an important transportation, manufacturing, and medical center. Iron and petroleum production, as well as the transport of coal by rail and barge , have been historical pillars of the region's economy.

Due to a decline in the area's industrial base, Ashland has seen a sizable reduction in its population since ; however, the population of the area has since stabilized with the medical service industry taking a greater role in the local economy.

As of the census, the MSA had a population of , More than 21, of those people as of [update] reside within the city limits of Ashland.

The county and surrounding area is the most populated region in the state that is not part of a Micropolitan Statistical Area or a Metropolitan Statistical Area containing nearly , people in five counties: Floyd County , Martin County , Letcher County , and neighboring Mingo County, West Virginia.

Pike County contains slightly more than 68, people. Only three U. Kentucky maintains eight public four-year universities.

There are two general tiers: major research institutions the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville and regional universities, which encompasses the remaining 6 schools.

The regional schools have specific target counties that many of their programs are targeted towards such as Forestry at Eastern Kentucky University or Cave Management at Western Kentucky University , however most of their curriculum varies little from any other public university.

UK and UofL have the highest academic rankings and admissions standards although the regional schools aren't without their national recognized departments — examples being Western Kentucky University's nationally ranked Journalism Department or Morehead State University offering one of the nation's only Space Science degrees.

UK is the flagship and land grant of the system and has agriculture extension services in every county. The two research schools split duties related to the medical field, UK handles all medical outreach programs in the eastern half of the state while UofL does all medical outreach in the state's western half.

The state's sixteen public two-year colleges have been governed by the Kentucky Community and Technical College System since the passage of the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of , commonly referred to as House Bill 1.

Transylvania University , a liberal arts university located in Lexington, was founded in as the oldest university west of the Allegheny Mountains.

Berea College , located at the extreme southern edge of the Bluegrass below the Cumberland Plateau, was the first coeducational college in the South to admit both black and white students, doing so from its very establishment in Kentucky in Board of Education in There are school districts and 1, public schools in Kentucky.

Kentucky has been the site of much educational reform over the past two decades. In , the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that the state's education system was unconstitutional.

Years later, Kentucky has shown progress, but most agree that further reform is needed. The West Virginia teachers' strike in inspired teachers in other states , including Kentucky, to take similar action.

Although Kentucky's culture is generally considered to be Southern , it is unique in that it is also influenced by the Midwest and Southern Appalachia in certain areas of the state.

The state is known for bourbon and whiskey distilling, tobacco , horse racing , and college basketball. Kentucky is more similar to the Upland South in terms of ancestry that is predominantly American.

Nevertheless, during the 19th century, Kentucky did receive a substantial number of German immigrants, who settled mostly in the Midwest, along the Ohio River primarily in Louisville, Covington and Newport.

Scottish Americans , English Americans and Scotch-Irish Americans have heavily influenced Kentucky culture, and are present in every part of the state.

Kentucky was a slave state , and blacks once comprised over one-quarter of its population; however, it lacked the cotton plantation system and never had the same high percentage of African Americans as most other slave states.

Kentucky adopted the Jim Crow system of racial segregation in most public spheres after the Civil War.

Louisville's ordinance for residential racial segregation was struck down by the US Supreme Court in Johnson filed suit for admission to the University of Kentucky ; as a result in the summer of , nearly thirty African American students entered UK graduate and professional programs.

Board of Education verdict, later adopting the first state civil rights act in the South in The biggest day in American horse racing, the Kentucky Derby , is preceded by the two-week Derby Festival [] in Louisville.

Old Louisville , the largest historic preservation district in the United States featuring Victorian architecture and the third largest overall, [] hosts the St.

Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. Bardstown celebrates its heritage as a major bourbon-producing region with the Kentucky Bourbon Festival.

The residents of tiny Benton pay tribute to their favorite tuber, the sweet potato , by hosting Tater Day. The Renfro Valley Gatherin' is today America's second oldest continually broadcast radio program of any kind.

It is broadcast on local radio station WRVK and a syndicated network of nearly other stations across the United States and Canada every week.

However, its depth lies in its signature sound— Bluegrass music. Kentucky is also home to famed jazz musician and pioneer, Lionel Hampton.

King Crimson guitarist Adrian Belew is from Covington. Post rock band Slint also hails from Louisville. Noted singer and actress Rosemary Clooney was a native of Maysville , her legacy being celebrated at the annual music festival bearing her name.

Noted songwriter and actor Will Oldham is from Louisville []. In eastern Kentucky, old-time music carries on the tradition of ancient ballads and reels developed in historical Appalachia.

Kentucky has played a major role in Southern and American literature, producing works that often celebrate the working class, rural life, nature, and explore issues of class, extractive economy, and family.

Thomas Merton lived most of his life and wrote most of his books during his time as a monk at the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani near Bardstown, Kentucky.

Hunter S. Thompson is also a native of the state. In recent years, several writers from Kentucky have published widely read and critically acclaimed books.

Kentucky's cuisine is generally similar to traditional southern cooking, although in some areas of the state it can blend elements of both the South and Midwest.

It was developed at the Brown Hotel in Louisville. Also, western Kentucky is known for its own regional style of barbecue.

Central Kentucky is the birthplace of Beer Cheese. The Lexington Horsemen and Louisville Fire of the now-defunct af2 had been interested in making a move up to the "major league" Arena Football League , but nothing has come of those plans.

It is not uncommon for fans to park in the city of Newport and use the Newport Southbank Pedestrian Bridge , locally known as the "Purple People Bridge", to walk to these games in Cincinnati.

Also, Georgetown College in Georgetown was the location for the Bengals' summer training camp, until it was announced in that the Bengals would no longer use the facilities.

As in many states, especially those without major league professional sport teams, college athletics are prominent.

The Wildcats , Hilltoppers , and Cardinals are among the most tradition-rich college men's basketball teams in the United States, combining for 11 National championships and 24 NCAA Final Fours; [ citation needed ] all three are high on the lists of total all-time wins, wins per season, and average wins per season.

The race is called the Quaker State The team made its debut in , playing home games at Louisville Slugger Field. That arrangement ended in , when Orlando City established a directly controlled reserve side in the USL.

The distinction of being named a Kentucky colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Commissions for Kentucky colonels are given by the Governor and the Secretary of State to individuals in recognition of noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation.

The sitting governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky bestows the honor of a colonel's commission , by issuance of letters patent.

Kentucky colonels are commissioned for life and act officially as the state's goodwill ambassadors.

The Louisville Slugger baseball bat is made in Kentucky. Thunder Over Louisville is the largest annual fireworks show in the world.

The Daniel Boone National Forest. The Ohio River forms the northern border of Kentucky. Many Kentucky cities have historic areas near downtown, such as this example in Bowling Green.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Kentucky disambiguation.

State in the southeastern United States. State in the United States. United we stand, divided we fall Deo gratiam habeamus Let us be grateful to God.

Black Mountain [1] [note 1]. Mississippi River at Kentucky Bend [1] [note 1]. See also: List of counties in Kentucky and Coal mining in Kentucky.

This section is an excerpt from Climate change in Kentucky [ edit ]. Main article: History of Kentucky. Further information: Political party strength in Kentucky.

Main article: Demographics of Kentucky. See also: Religion in Louisville, Kentucky. Religion in Kentucky [] religion percent Protestant.

Main article: Transportation in Kentucky. See also: List of Kentucky State Highways. See also: List of Kentucky railroads.

See also: List of airports in Kentucky. See also: List of counties in Kentucky and Fiscal Court. See also: List of cities in Kentucky.

Largest cities or towns in Kentucky Source: []. Main article: Education in Kentucky. Main article: Culture of Kentucky.

See also: Theater in Kentucky ; Performing arts in Louisville, Kentucky ; and List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area.

Main article: Music of Kentucky. See also: Category:Musicians from Kentucky. Main article: Kentucky literature.

Main article: Cuisine of Kentucky. Main article: Sports in Kentucky. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: List of Kentucky state insignia. See also: Flag of Kentucky and Seal of Kentucky.

Main article: Kentucky colonel. United States portal. United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 21, The Henry J.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved May 14, Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on July 3, Retrieved November 29, Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed.

Retrieved March 19, Puerto Rico 51st. August 8, Retrieved February 21, Ezilon Search. Archived from the original on November 10, Online Etymology Dictionary.

Retrieved February 25, Oxford English Dictionary. Archived from the original on August 2, Languages of Native North America.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pg. Bowling Green. Broeck Pointe. Brownsboro Farm. Brownsboro Village. Calvert City.

Cave City. Central City. Clay City. Coal Run Village. Cold Spring. Crab Orchard. Crescent Springs.

Crestview Hills. Dawson Springs. Douglass Hills. Druid Hills. Dry Ridge. Elkhorn City. Forest Hills.

Fort Mitchell. Fort Thomas. Fort Wright. Fountain Run. Fox Chase. Glenview Hills. Glenview Manor. Goose Creek. Grand Rivers. Green Spring.

Hebron Estates. Heritage Creek Minor Lane Heights. Hickory Hill. Highland Heights. Hills and Dales. Hollow Creek. Horse Cave. Houston Acres.

Hunters Hollow. Hurstbourne Acres. Indian Hills. Junction City. Kenton Vale. La Center. La Grange. Lakeside Park. Lakeview Heights.

Langdon Place. Lebanon Junction. Lexington Lexington-Fayette. Manor Creek. Maryhill Estates. Meadow Vale. Meadowbrook Farm. Meadowview Estates.

Mockingbird Valley. Mortons Gap. Mount Olivet. Mount Sterling.

Harrison, and James C. Es ist in den Kontext des Triple Crown eingebunden. Als jedoch am 3. Trotz des Check this out, die Neutralität zu wahren, kämpften häufig Verwandte auf beiden Seiten. In der Bevölkerung herrschte dazu Uneinigkeit. Auf dem ca. Sie hatte aber nicht die gleiche wirtschaftliche Bedeutung wie in anderen Süd-Staaten. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Insgesamt bietet das Newport Aquarium 5 Acryltunnel mit einer Gesamtlänge von ca. Einem anderen bekannten Pferd, Seabiscuitwurde sogar in der Literatur und auch im Film gedacht.

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Im Electoral College stellt Kentucky acht Wahlmänner. In der Vergangenheit war der Ohio die Lebensader für viele Indianerstämme die in den Gebieten rund um den Fluss siedelten. McPherson: Für die Freiheit sterben. fressen, gehört Kentucky sicherlich zu dem malerischsten Staaten der USA. Ebenso sehenswert ist Louisville – die Heimat des berühmten Kentucky Derby. Kentucky-Reisen: Erkunden Sie Kentucky in den Südstaaten der USA mit dem Mietwagen, dem Wohnmobil oder mit dem Bus. Wir beraten Sie individuell weiter​! Der Name stammt von dem gleichnamigen Fluss Kentucky, dessen Name wiederum möglicherweise aus einem USA Reise · Bundesstaaten ABC; Kentucky. Die gemeinsame Informationsseite für die amerikanischen Südstaaten Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi und Tennessee. Click 24, After learn more here flood, the areas of high elevation in the eastern part of the city had decades of residential growth. Dennis Valley Station. Archived from the Usa Kentucky on April 10, Many of the largest ports in the United States are located in or adjacent to Kentucky, including:. Somewhat incongruously, when entering Lexington-Fayette the highway signs read "Fayette County" while most signs leading into Louisville-Jefferson simply read "Welcome to Louisville Metro". Read article previously mentioned Locust Grove, former home of Louisville Founder George Rogers Clarkportrays life in the early days of the city. Next day delivery! November 21, https://sensusapp.co/casino-spielen-online-kostenlos/mania.php Usa Kentucky March 19, Bowling Green. Broeck Pointe. Main article: Cityscape of Louisville, Kentucky. Purple Risiko Spielen Winery. The Parklands of Floyds Fork. Zudem gibt Spielhallenaufsicht Stundenlohn hier zahlreiche Wasserfälle zu bestaunen. Ein besonderes Genre der Countrymusik, der um unter anderem von Bill Monroe und Earl Scruggs kreierte Bluegrassist sogar nach dem Spitznamen des Staates benannt worden. Kentucky engl. John A. Parrish Jr. Die im italienischen Stil errichtete Kirche war die erste, und ist damit die älteste, schwarze Baptistenkirche in Kentucky und die drittälteste der USA. In der Vergangenheit go here der Ohio die Lebensader für viele Indianerstämme die in den Gebieten rund um den Fluss siedelten.

The current chief justice is John D. Minton Jr. Unlike federal judges, who are usually appointed, justices serving on Kentucky state courts are chosen by the state's populace in non-partisan elections.

Kentucky's two U. In the federal judiciary, Kentucky is served by two United States district courts : the Eastern District of Kentucky , with its primary seat in Lexington, and the Western District of Kentucky , with its primary seat in Louisville.

Kentucky's body of laws, known as the Kentucky Revised Statutes KRS , were enacted in to better organize and clarify the whole of Kentucky law.

Kentucky is one of the 32 states in the United States that sanctions the death penalty for certain murders defined as heinous. Those convicted of capital crimes after March 31, are always executed by lethal injection ; those convicted on or before this date may opt for the electric chair.

Supreme Court re-instituted the practice in The most notable execution in Kentucky was that of Rainey Bethea on August 14, Bethea was publicly hanged in Owensboro for the rape and murder of Lischia Edwards.

Kentucky has been on the front lines of the debate over displaying the Ten Commandments on public property.

In the case of McCreary County v. Kentucky has also been known to have unusually high political candidacy age laws, especially compared to surrounding states.

The origin of this is unknown, but it has been suggested [ by whom? A study found that Kentucky's Supreme Court to be the least influential high court in the nation with its decisions rarely being followed by other states.

Where politics are concerned, Kentucky historically has been very competitive. It leaned slightly toward the Democratic Party since , when the Whig Party dissolved.

The state was not included as among the " Solid South " that prevailed in the former Confederacy after states disenfranchised blacks at the turn of the century.

The southeastern section had aligned with the Union during the war and tended to support Republican candidates. In a reversal of the demographics of party alignment in the post-Civil War nineteenth century, in the 21st century, state Democrats include liberal whites, African Americans, and other minorities.

As of March , Some 8. From through , Kentucky voted for the eventual winner of the election for President of the United States; however, in the election the state lost its bellwether status.

Voters in the Commonwealth supported the previous three Democratic candidates elected to the White House in the late 20th century, all from Southern states: Lyndon B.

In 21st-century presidential elections, the state has become a Republican stronghold, supporting that party's presidential candidates by double-digit margins from through At the same time, voters have continued to elect Democratic candidates to state and local offices in many jurisdictions.

As of July 1, , Kentucky had an estimated population of 4,,, which is an increase of 12, from the prior year and an increase of 97,, or 2.

This includes a natural increase since the last census of 73, people that is , births minus , deaths and an increase due to net migration of 26, people into the state.

Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 40, people, and migration within the country produced a net decrease of 13, people.

As of [update] , Kentucky's population included about , foreign-born persons 3. In , the population density of the state was people per square mile Kentucky's population has grown during every decade since records have been kept.

But during most decades of the 20th century there was also net out-migration from Kentucky. Since , rural Kentucky counties have had a net loss of more than 1 million people to migration, while urban areas have experienced a slight net gain.

Kentucky's center of population is in Washington County , in the city of Willisburg. According to U. Census Bureau official statistics, the largest ancestry in was American totalling Americans of Scots-Irish and English stock are present throughout the entire state.

Many residents claim Irish ancestry because of known "Scots-Irish" among their ancestors, who immigrated from Ireland, where their ancestors had moved for a period from Scotland during the plantation period.

As of the s, the only counties in the United States where over half of the population cited " English " as their only ancestry group were in the hills of eastern Kentucky virtually every county in this region had a majority of residents identifying as exclusively English in ancestry.

The Ridgetop Shawnee organized in the early 21st century as a non-profit to gain structure for their community and increase awareness of Native Americans in Kentucky.

In the census, some 20, people in the state identified as Native American 0. The number of African Americans living in Kentucky declined during the 20th century.

Many migrated during the early part of the century to the industrial North and Midwest during the Great Migration for jobs and the chance to leave segregated, oppressive societies.

Other areas with high concentrations, beside Christian and Fulton counties and the Bluegrass region, are the cities of Paducah and Lexington.

Some mining communities in far Southeastern Kentucky have populations that are between five and 10 percent African-American.

In , Speech patterns in the state generally reflect the first settlers' Virginia and Kentucky backgrounds.

South Midland features are best preserved in the mountains, but some common to Midland and Southern are widespread. For instance, Coop has the vowel of put , but the root rhymes with boot.

In southern Kentucky, earthworms are called redworms , a burlap bag is known as a tow sack or the Southern grass sack , and green beans are called snap beans.

In Kentucky English, a young man may carry , not escort, his girlfriend to a party. Spanish is the second-most-spoken language in Kentucky, after English.

Kentucky is home to several seminaries. Asbury Theological Seminary , a multi-denominational seminary in the Methodist tradition, is located in nearby Wilmore.

Bardstown is home Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani , home of Trappist monk, social activist and author Thomas Merton from until his death in Louisville is home to the Cathedral of the Assumption , the third oldest Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.

In , the Center for Interfaith Relations established the Festival of Faiths, the first and oldest annual interfaith festival to be held in the United States.

The Christian creationist apologetics group Answers in Genesis , along with its Creation Museum , is headquartered in Petersburg, Kentucky.

Louisville also has Muslim , [] Jewish , and Hindu communities. Early in its history, Kentucky gained recognition for its excellent farming conditions.

It was the site of the first commercial winery in the United States started in present-day Jessamine County in and due to the high calcium content of the soil in the Bluegrass region quickly became a major horse breeding and later racing area.

Today Kentucky ranks 5th nationally in goat farming, 8th in beef cattle production, [] and 14th in corn production.

Today Kentucky's economy has expanded to importance in non-agricultural terms as well, especially in auto manufacturing, energy fuel production, and medical facilities.

Kentucky ranks 4th among U. Kentucky has historically been a major coal producer, but the coal industry has been in decline since the s, and the number of people employed in the coal industry there dropped by more than half between and Fort Knox , a United States Army post best known as the site of the United States Bullion Depository , which is used to house a large portion of the United States official gold reserves , is located in Kentucky between Louisville and Elizabethtown.

The new complex employs nearly 4, soldiers and civilians. Kentucky contains two of the twenty U. As of October , the state's unemployment rate is 4.

Tax is collected by the Kentucky Department of Revenue. Kentucky has a broadly based classified property tax system.

All classes of property, unless exempted by the Constitution, are taxed by the state, although at widely varying rates.

Of the classes that are subject to local taxation, three have special rates set by the General Assembly , one by the Kentucky Supreme Court and the remaining classes are subject to the full local rate, which includes the tax rate set by the local taxing bodies plus all voted levies.

Until January 1, , Kentucky imposed a tax on intangible personal property held by a taxpayer on January 1 of each year. The Kentucky intangible tax was repealed under House Bill Some types of intangible property included: bonds, notes, retail repurchase agreements , accounts receivable, trusts, enforceable contracts sale of real estate land contracts , money in hand, money in safe deposit boxes , annuities, interests in estates, loans to stockholders, and commercial paper.

In December , the Kentucky governor Paul Patton unveiled the state slogan "It's that friendly", [] in hope of drawing more people into the state based on the idea of southern hospitality.

This campaign was neither a failure nor a success. So government decided to create a different slogan to embrace Kentucky as a whole while also encouraging more people to visit the Bluegrass.

Since that time, the "Welcome to Kentucky" signs at border areas have an "Unbridled Spirit" symbol on them. The parkways were originally toll roads , but on November 22, , Governor Ernie Fletcher ended the toll charges on the William H.

Natcher Parkway and the Audubon Parkway , the last two parkways in Kentucky to charge tolls for access.

Ending the tolls some seven months ahead of schedule was generally agreed to have been a positive economic development for transportation in Kentucky.

Amtrak , the national passenger rail system, provides service to Ashland , South Portsmouth , Maysville and Fulton.

The City of New Orleans trains 58 and 59 serve Fulton. The terminal is just across the Ohio River in Cincinnati.

The line originates in Cincinnati and terminates miles south in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Other areas in Kentucky are reclaiming old railways in rail trail projects.

One such project is Louisville's Big Four Bridge. When the bridge's Indiana approach ramps opened in , completing the pedestrian connection across the Ohio River, the Big Four Bridge rail trail became the second-longest pedestrian-only bridge in the world.

The airport is one of DHL Aviation 's three super-hubs, serving destinations throughout the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia, making it the 7th busiest airport in the U.

There are also a number of regional airports scattered across the state. As the state is bounded by two of the largest rivers in North America, water transportation has historically played a major role in Kentucky's economy.

Louisville was a major port for steamships in the nineteenth century. Today, most barge traffic on Kentucky waterways consists of coal that is shipped from both the Eastern and Western Coalfields, about half of which is used locally to power many power plants located directly off the Ohio River , with the rest being exported to other countries, most notably Japan.

Many of the largest ports in the United States are located in or adjacent to Kentucky, including:. As a state, Kentucky ranks 10th overall in port tonnage.

The only natural obstacle along the entire length of the Ohio River is the Falls of the Ohio , located just west of Downtown Louisville.

Kentucky is subdivided into counties , the largest being Pike County at Despite the unusual name, the Fiscal Court no longer has judicial functions.

Kentucky's two most populous counties, Jefferson and Fayette, have their governments consolidated with the governments of their largest cities.

Although the counties still exist as subdivisions of the state, in reference the names Louisville and Lexington are used to refer to the entire area coextensive with the former cities and counties.

Somewhat incongruously, when entering Lexington-Fayette the highway signs read "Fayette County" while most signs leading into Louisville-Jefferson simply read "Welcome to Louisville Metro".

The Metro Louisville government area has a population of 1,, The latter figure is the population of the so-called "balance" —the parts of Jefferson County that were either unincorporated or within the City of Louisville before the formation of the merged government in Since , over one-third of the state's population growth has occurred in the Louisville CSA.

In addition, the top 28 wealthiest places in Kentucky are in Jefferson County and seven of the 15 wealthiest counties in the state are located in the Louisville CSA.

The second largest city is Lexington with a census population of ,, its metro had a population of ,, and its CSA , which includes the Frankfort and Richmond statistical areas, having a population of , This area is often referred to as the Golden triangle as it contains a majority of the state's wealth, population, population growth, and economic growth, it is also where most of the state's largest cities by population are located.

Interstates I, I, and I form the triangle shape. As of [update] Bowling Green had a population of 67,, making it the third most-populous city in the state.

The Bowling Green metropolitan area had an estimated population of ,; and the combined statistical area it shares with Glasgow has an estimated population of , Although only one town in the "Tri Cities", namely Somerset, currently has more than 12, people, the area has been experiencing heightened population and job growth since the s.

Growth has been especially rapid in Laurel County, which outgrew areas such as Scott and Jessamine counties around Lexington or Shelby and Nelson Counties around Louisville.

London significantly grew in population in the s, from 5, in to 7, in London also landed a Wal-Mart distribution center in , bringing thousands of jobs to the community.

In northeast Kentucky, the greater Ashland area is an important transportation, manufacturing, and medical center.

Iron and petroleum production, as well as the transport of coal by rail and barge , have been historical pillars of the region's economy.

Due to a decline in the area's industrial base, Ashland has seen a sizable reduction in its population since ; however, the population of the area has since stabilized with the medical service industry taking a greater role in the local economy.

As of the census, the MSA had a population of , More than 21, of those people as of [update] reside within the city limits of Ashland.

The county and surrounding area is the most populated region in the state that is not part of a Micropolitan Statistical Area or a Metropolitan Statistical Area containing nearly , people in five counties: Floyd County , Martin County , Letcher County , and neighboring Mingo County, West Virginia.

Pike County contains slightly more than 68, people. Only three U. Kentucky maintains eight public four-year universities. There are two general tiers: major research institutions the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville and regional universities, which encompasses the remaining 6 schools.

The regional schools have specific target counties that many of their programs are targeted towards such as Forestry at Eastern Kentucky University or Cave Management at Western Kentucky University , however most of their curriculum varies little from any other public university.

UK and UofL have the highest academic rankings and admissions standards although the regional schools aren't without their national recognized departments — examples being Western Kentucky University's nationally ranked Journalism Department or Morehead State University offering one of the nation's only Space Science degrees.

UK is the flagship and land grant of the system and has agriculture extension services in every county. The two research schools split duties related to the medical field, UK handles all medical outreach programs in the eastern half of the state while UofL does all medical outreach in the state's western half.

The state's sixteen public two-year colleges have been governed by the Kentucky Community and Technical College System since the passage of the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of , commonly referred to as House Bill 1.

Transylvania University , a liberal arts university located in Lexington, was founded in as the oldest university west of the Allegheny Mountains.

Berea College , located at the extreme southern edge of the Bluegrass below the Cumberland Plateau, was the first coeducational college in the South to admit both black and white students, doing so from its very establishment in Kentucky in Board of Education in There are school districts and 1, public schools in Kentucky.

Kentucky has been the site of much educational reform over the past two decades. In , the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that the state's education system was unconstitutional.

Years later, Kentucky has shown progress, but most agree that further reform is needed. The West Virginia teachers' strike in inspired teachers in other states , including Kentucky, to take similar action.

Although Kentucky's culture is generally considered to be Southern , it is unique in that it is also influenced by the Midwest and Southern Appalachia in certain areas of the state.

The state is known for bourbon and whiskey distilling, tobacco , horse racing , and college basketball.

Kentucky is more similar to the Upland South in terms of ancestry that is predominantly American. Nevertheless, during the 19th century, Kentucky did receive a substantial number of German immigrants, who settled mostly in the Midwest, along the Ohio River primarily in Louisville, Covington and Newport.

Scottish Americans , English Americans and Scotch-Irish Americans have heavily influenced Kentucky culture, and are present in every part of the state.

Kentucky was a slave state , and blacks once comprised over one-quarter of its population; however, it lacked the cotton plantation system and never had the same high percentage of African Americans as most other slave states.

Kentucky adopted the Jim Crow system of racial segregation in most public spheres after the Civil War. Louisville's ordinance for residential racial segregation was struck down by the US Supreme Court in Johnson filed suit for admission to the University of Kentucky ; as a result in the summer of , nearly thirty African American students entered UK graduate and professional programs.

Board of Education verdict, later adopting the first state civil rights act in the South in The biggest day in American horse racing, the Kentucky Derby , is preceded by the two-week Derby Festival [] in Louisville.

Old Louisville , the largest historic preservation district in the United States featuring Victorian architecture and the third largest overall, [] hosts the St.

Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. Bardstown celebrates its heritage as a major bourbon-producing region with the Kentucky Bourbon Festival.

The residents of tiny Benton pay tribute to their favorite tuber, the sweet potato , by hosting Tater Day.

The Renfro Valley Gatherin' is today America's second oldest continually broadcast radio program of any kind. It is broadcast on local radio station WRVK and a syndicated network of nearly other stations across the United States and Canada every week.

However, its depth lies in its signature sound— Bluegrass music. Kentucky is also home to famed jazz musician and pioneer, Lionel Hampton.

King Crimson guitarist Adrian Belew is from Covington. Post rock band Slint also hails from Louisville.

Noted singer and actress Rosemary Clooney was a native of Maysville , her legacy being celebrated at the annual music festival bearing her name.

Noted songwriter and actor Will Oldham is from Louisville []. In eastern Kentucky, old-time music carries on the tradition of ancient ballads and reels developed in historical Appalachia.

Kentucky has played a major role in Southern and American literature, producing works that often celebrate the working class, rural life, nature, and explore issues of class, extractive economy, and family.

Thomas Merton lived most of his life and wrote most of his books during his time as a monk at the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani near Bardstown, Kentucky.

Hunter S. Thompson is also a native of the state. In recent years, several writers from Kentucky have published widely read and critically acclaimed books.

Kentucky's cuisine is generally similar to traditional southern cooking, although in some areas of the state it can blend elements of both the South and Midwest.

It was developed at the Brown Hotel in Louisville. Also, western Kentucky is known for its own regional style of barbecue.

Central Kentucky is the birthplace of Beer Cheese. The Lexington Horsemen and Louisville Fire of the now-defunct af2 had been interested in making a move up to the "major league" Arena Football League , but nothing has come of those plans.

It is not uncommon for fans to park in the city of Newport and use the Newport Southbank Pedestrian Bridge , locally known as the "Purple People Bridge", to walk to these games in Cincinnati.

Also, Georgetown College in Georgetown was the location for the Bengals' summer training camp, until it was announced in that the Bengals would no longer use the facilities.

As in many states, especially those without major league professional sport teams, college athletics are prominent.

The Wildcats , Hilltoppers , and Cardinals are among the most tradition-rich college men's basketball teams in the United States, combining for 11 National championships and 24 NCAA Final Fours; [ citation needed ] all three are high on the lists of total all-time wins, wins per season, and average wins per season.

The race is called the Quaker State The team made its debut in , playing home games at Louisville Slugger Field.

That arrangement ended in , when Orlando City established a directly controlled reserve side in the USL. The distinction of being named a Kentucky colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Commissions for Kentucky colonels are given by the Governor and the Secretary of State to individuals in recognition of noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation.

The sitting governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky bestows the honor of a colonel's commission , by issuance of letters patent.

Kentucky colonels are commissioned for life and act officially as the state's goodwill ambassadors. The Louisville Slugger baseball bat is made in Kentucky.

Thunder Over Louisville is the largest annual fireworks show in the world. The Daniel Boone National Forest.

The Ohio River forms the northern border of Kentucky. Many Kentucky cities have historic areas near downtown, such as this example in Bowling Green.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Kentucky disambiguation. State in the southeastern United States.

State in the United States. United we stand, divided we fall Deo gratiam habeamus Let us be grateful to God. Black Mountain [1] [note 1].

Mississippi River at Kentucky Bend [1] [note 1]. See also: List of counties in Kentucky and Coal mining in Kentucky.

This section is an excerpt from Climate change in Kentucky [ edit ]. Main article: History of Kentucky. Further information: Political party strength in Kentucky.

Main article: Demographics of Kentucky. See also: Religion in Louisville, Kentucky. Religion in Kentucky [] religion percent Protestant.

Main article: Transportation in Kentucky. See also: List of Kentucky State Highways. See also: List of Kentucky railroads. See also: List of airports in Kentucky.

See also: List of counties in Kentucky and Fiscal Court. See also: List of cities in Kentucky. Largest cities or towns in Kentucky Source: [].

Main article: Education in Kentucky. Main article: Culture of Kentucky. See also: Theater in Kentucky ; Performing arts in Louisville, Kentucky ; and List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area.

Main article: Music of Kentucky. See also: Category:Musicians from Kentucky. Main article: Kentucky literature.

Main article: Cuisine of Kentucky. Main article: Sports in Kentucky. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Main article: List of Kentucky state insignia. See also: Flag of Kentucky and Seal of Kentucky. Main article: Kentucky colonel.

United States portal. United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 21, The Henry J.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved May 14, Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on July 3, Retrieved November 29, Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed.

Retrieved March 19, Puerto Rico 51st. August 8, Retrieved February 21, Ezilon Search. Archived from the original on November 10, Online Etymology Dictionary.

Retrieved February 25, Oxford English Dictionary. Archived from the original on August 2, Languages of Native North America.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pg. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia Archived from the original on October 30, Native American Place Names of Indiana.

University of Illinois Press. Mish Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary 11th ed. Retrieved January 17, New York: Wiley Publishers.

Retrieved January 1, Virginia Quarterly Review. October 1, Kentucky Educational Television. January 28, June 15, Encyclopedia of Kentucky.

New York: Somerset Publishers. Faces of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. Page Page 8. United States Environmental Protection Agency.

August The Kansas City Star. Retrieved July 16, Corbin, Kentucky Economic Development. Archived from the original on June 26, The Kentucky Encyclopedia.

Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark , Lowell H. Harrison , and James C. Retrieved February 18, Government Printing Office, , pp.

You Live Where? Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved December 9, Bowling Green Daily News.

Retrieved May 15, Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Service. Archived from the original on January 17, Earth First! Retrieved September 4, Kentucky Department of Parks.

October 19, Archived from the original on October 5, National Park Service. October 12, Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission.

Archived from the original on October 24, Retrieved February 16, May August KAS Report No. Kentucky Archaeological Survey.

Archived from the original PDF on April 13, Retrieved August 17, History of Geography, About. Retrieved October 27, History of Native Americans in Central Kentucky.

Mercer County Online. The Life of George Rogers Clark. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. George Rogers Clark and the War in the West.

Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. Notre Dame Law Review. Retrieved October 31, Archived from the original on October 11, February 15, Historical Text Archive.

Archived from the original on November 23, WMTH Corporation. About North Georgia. Golden Ink. Kentucky General Assembly. Kentucky Historical Society.

Archived from the original on August 27, Retrieved September 9, Retrieved May 6, Statutes at Large: 1st Congress. Retrieved June 4, November 14, Washington Post.

Retrieved September 22, Retrieved January 21, Kentucky Legislative Research Commission. Retrieved December 27, Kentucky Department of Criminal Justice.

Archived from the original on March 23, Kentucky State Police. Archived from the original on December 6, The museum was closed for three years, re-opening in with , sq.

Multiple art galleries are located in the city, but they are especially concentrated in the East Market District NuLu , immediately to the east of downtown.

This row of galleries, plus others in the West Main District, are prominently featured in the monthly First Friday Hop.

Several local history museums can be found in the Louisville area. The most prominent among them is The Filson Historical Society , founded in , which has holdings exceeding 1.

The Filson's extensive collections focus on Kentucky, the Upper South and the Ohio River Valley , and contain a large collection of portraiture and over 10, museum artifacts.

The Falls interpretive center, part of the Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area , also functions as a natural history museum, covering findings in the nearby exposed Devonian fossil bed.

There are also several historical properties and items of interest in the area, including the Belle of Louisville , the oldest Mississippi -style steamboat in operation in the United States.

Fort Knox , spread out among Bullitt , Hardin and Meade Counties two of which are in the Louisville metropolitan area , is home to the U.

The previously mentioned Locust Grove, former home of Louisville Founder George Rogers Clark , portrays life in the early days of the city.

The Louisville area is also home to the Waverly Hills Sanatorium , a turn-of-the-century 20th hospital that was originally built to accommodate tuberculosis patients, and subsequently has been reported and sensationalized to be haunted.

The Little Loomhouse maintains historical records of local spinning and weaving patterns and techniques, and also offers tours, hands-on activities, and professional-level classes and materials.

The Kentucky Center , dedicated in , located in the downtown hotel and entertainment district, features a variety of plays and concerts.

The Louisville Orchestra was founded in by conductor Robert Whitney and Charles Farnsley , then Mayor of Louisville, and was a world leader in commissioning and recording contemporary works for orchestra from the s to s.

The Louisville Orchestra today performs more than concerts per year with a core of salaried musicians and is recognized as a cornerstone of the Louisville arts community.

Actors Theatre of Louisville , is in the city's urban cultural district and hosts the Humana Festival of New American Plays each spring.

It presents approximately six hundred performances of about thirty productions during its year-round season, composed of a diverse array of contemporary and classical fare.

Louisville is home to a fast-growing independent theatre scene. The Louisville Palace , the official venue for the Louisville Orchestra, is an ornate theatre in downtown Louisville 's so-called theatre district.

In addition to orchestra performances, the theatre shows films and hosts concerts. Iroquois Park is the home of the renovated Iroquois Amphitheater, which hosts a variety of musical concerts in a partially covered outdoor setting.

College sports are popular in the Louisville area. College basketball is particularly popular. Center following suit with regular sellouts.

The Cardinals ranked third nationally in attendance in —13 , [91] the most recent of the program's three national championship seasons.

The Cardinals also hold the Big East conference women's basketball paid attendance record with nearly 17, attending the game against the Kentucky Wildcats in The Louisville market has ranked first in ratings for the NCAA men's basketball tournament every year since In , sophomore quarterback Lamar Jackson took the football team to new heights.

Lamar was the school's first Heisman Trophy winner, which is awarded to the most outstanding college football player nationwide during that season.

He was also one of the youngest players to ever receive the award. The team also matched their highest ranking in school history at No.

The University of Louisville baseball team advanced to the College World Series in Omaha in , , and , as one of the final eight teams to compete for the national championship.

Horse racing is also a major attraction. Churchill Downs is home to the Kentucky Derby , the largest sporting event in the state, as well as the Kentucky Oaks which together cap the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival.

Churchill Downs has also hosted the renowned Breeders' Cup on eight occasions, most recently in Louisville has seven professional and semi-professional sports teams, but no major league teams.

It is the fourth largest U. The team plays at Louisville Slugger Field at the edge of the city's downtown. Louisville had two professional American football teams in the National Football League : the Louisville Breckenridges or Brecks for short from to and the Louisville Colonels in The Colonels was one of the ABA's most successful teams during its existence, winning four division titles and the ABA Championship, but was not invited to join the NBA when the two leagues merged in , and subsequently folded.

Louisville has the added distinction of being the only city in the world that is the birthplace of four heavyweight boxing champions: Marvin Hart , Muhammad Ali , Jimmy Ellis and Greg Page.

Several of these parks were designed by Frederick Law Olmsted , who also designed New York City's Central Park as well as parks, parkways, college campuses and public facilities in many U.

The Louisville Waterfront Park is prominently located on the banks of the Ohio River near downtown and features large open areas, which often hold free concerts and other festivals.

Further from the downtown area is the Jefferson Memorial Forest , which at 6, acres The park's namesake, Otter Creek, winds along the eastern side of the park.

A scenic bend in the Ohio River , which divides Kentucky from Indiana , can be seen from northern overlooks within the park.

The park is a mountain biking destination, with trails maintained by a local mountain bike organization.

Other outdoor points of interest in the Louisville area include Cave Hill Cemetery the burial location of Col.

On January 6, , Louisville merged its government with that of Jefferson County, forming coterminous borders. Louisville Metro is governed by an executive called the Metro Mayor and a city legislature called the Metro Council.

The Metro Council consists of 26 seats representing districts apportioned by population throughout the city and county.

The residents of the semi-independent municipalities within Louisville Metro are apportioned to districts along with all other county residents.

Half 13 of the seats come up for reelection every two years. The council is chaired by a Council President , currently David Yates D , who is elected by the council members annually.

Democrats currently have a to-9 majority. Before merger, under the Kentucky Constitution and statutory law Louisville was designated as a first-class city in regard to local laws affecting public safety, alcohol beverage control, revenue options, and various other matters; as of , it is the only such designated city in the state.

The Official Seal of the City of Louisville, no longer used following the merger, reflected its history and heritage in the fleur-de-lis representing French aid given during the Revolutionary War and the thirteen stars signifying the original colonies.

The new Seal of Louisville Metro retains the fleur-de-lis, but has only two stars, one representing the city and the other the county.

Kentucky's 3rd congressional district encompasses most of Louisville Metro, and is represented by Rep. John Yarmuth D. Far eastern portions of the county are part of the 4th congressional district , which is represented by Thomas Massie R.

In , Louisville recorded 70 murders. In , Louisville recorded 79 murders. The Louisville Metro Area's overall violent crime rate was Violent crime is most concentrated west of downtown, especially in the Russell neighborhood.

Louisville Metro Department of Corrections operates two facilities housing approximately 2, inmates. Louisville has recently been featured on the television show First The show follows LMPD's homicide unit while they try to solve murders.

Fire protection is provided by 16 independent fire departments working in concert through mutual aid agreements.

The city of Shively in western Jefferson County possesses an independent fire department that uses the same dispatch and radio channels as Louisville Fire and Rescue.

Louisville is home to several institutions of higher learning. The University of Louisville has had notable achievements including several hand transplants [] and the world's first self-contained artificial heart transplant.

Two major graduate-professional schools of religion are also located in Louisville. The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary , with more than 5, students, is the flagship institution of the Southern Baptist Convention.

It was founded in Greenville, South Carolina, in and moved to Louisville in , occupying its present campus on Lexington Road in Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary , product of a merger of two predecessor schools founded at Danville, Kentucky in and in Louisville in , occupied its present campus on Alta Vista Road in According to the U.

Census , of Louisville's population over 25, The public school system, Jefferson County Public Schools , consists of more than , students in schools.

The Kentucky School for the Blind , for all of Kentucky's blind and visually impaired students, is located on Frankfort Avenue in the Clifton neighborhood.

Louisville's newspaper of record is The Courier-Journal. The alternative paper is the progressive alt-weekly Louisville Eccentric Observer commonly called 'LEO' , which was founded by 3rd district U.

Representative John Yarmuth D. As with most American cities, transportation in Louisville is based primarily on automobiles.

However, the city traces its foundation to the era where the river was the primary means of transportation , and railroads have been an important part of local industry for over a century.

In more recent times, Louisville has become an international hub for air cargo. Since all three of these highways intersect at virtually the same location on the east side of downtown , this spot has become known as " Spaghetti Junction ".

Immediately east of downtown is the Big Four Bridge , a former railroad bridge now renovated as a pedestrian bridge.

The Ohio River Bridges Project , a plan under consideration for decades to construct two new interstate bridges over the Ohio River to connect Louisville to Indiana, including a reconfiguration of Spaghetti Junction, began construction in The airport is also home to UPS 's Worldport global air hub.

Over 4. The historic but smaller Bowman Field is used mainly for general aviation while nearby Clark Regional Airport is used mostly by private jets.

The locks were constructed to allow shipping past the Falls of the Ohio. In over 55 million tons of commodities passed through the locks.

In addition to regular city buses, transit throughout the downtown hotel and shopping districts is served by a fleet of zero-emissions buses called LouLift.

In late , these vehicles replaced the series of motorized trolleys known as the Toonerville II Trolley. Louisville has historically been a major center for railway traffic.

Today the city is served by two major freight railroads, CSX with a major classification yard in the southern part of the metro area and Norfolk Southern.

Five major main lines connect Louisville to the rest of the region. Two regional railroads, the Paducah and Louisville Railway and the Louisville and Indiana Railroad , also serve the city.

With the discontinuance of the stop in Louisville in for a more northerly route between New York and Chicago, the Kentucky Cardinal no longer serves the city; it is thus the fifth largest city in the country with no passenger rail service.

In Walk Score ranked Louisville 43rd "most walkable" of U. Water is provided by the Louisville Water Company , which provides water to more than , residents in Louisville as well as parts of Oldham and Bullitt counties.

Additionally, they provide wholesale water to the outlying counties of Shelby , Spencer and Nelson. The Ohio River provides for most of the city's source of drinking water.

Water is drawn from the river at two points: the raw water pump station at Zorn Avenue and River Road, and the B. Payne Pump Station northeast of Harrods Creek.

Water is also obtained from a riverbank infiltration well at the Payne Plant. Payne Treatment Plant. Important events occurring in the city have included the first large space lighted by Edison's light bulb which occurred during the Southern Exposition.

At the time, in , the largest such installation to date. Also, Louisville had the first library open to African Americans in the South, [] [] and medical advances including the first human hand transplant in [31] [] and the first self-contained artificial heart transplant.

Louisville has nine sister cities as of [] [] []. In addition, Leeds has been recognized as a "friendship city".

The two cities have engaged in many cultural exchange programs, particularly in the fields of nursing and law, and cooperated in several private business developments, including the Frazier History Museum.

On April 15, , it was announced that Louisville would be twinned with the town of Bushmills in Northern Ireland.

The two places share a tradition for the distilling of whiskey. The choice of Louisville came after a search of U.

Although not technically a sister city, Louisville has friendly and cooperative relations with Chengdu, China. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Louisville disambiguation and Gateway to the South album. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

June City in Kentucky. Consolidated city-county in Kentucky, United States. Consolidated city-county. Main article: Geography of Louisville, Kentucky.

Main article: Cityscape of Louisville, Kentucky. See also: Downtown Louisville ; Neighborhoods in Louisville, Kentucky ; List of parks in the Louisville metropolitan area ; and List of tallest buildings in Louisville.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Unless otherwise noted, all demographics refer to the consolidated Louisville Metro, including the separately incorporated cities within it.

Main article: Religion in Louisville, Kentucky. See also: Religion in Kentucky. Main article: Economy of Louisville, Kentucky. See also: Greater Louisville Inc.

See also: List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area. See also: List of museums in the Louisville metropolitan area and List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area.

Main article: Performing arts in Louisville, Kentucky. See also: Theater in Kentucky and List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area.

Main article: Sports in Louisville, Kentucky. See also: Historical professional sports teams in Louisville. See also: List of parks in the Louisville metropolitan area and List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area.

Main article: Government of Louisville, Kentucky. Main article: Media in Louisville, Kentucky. Main article: Transportation in Louisville, Kentucky.

See also: Roads in Louisville, Kentucky. For a more comprehensive list, see List of people from the Louisville metropolitan area.

See also: List of University of Louisville people. Geography portal North America portal United States portal. This replaced a system in which cities were divided into six classes, nominally by population.

For more information, see Threadex. Retrieved June 11, The Virgin Atlantic Blog. January Archived from the original on September 11, Retrieved August 10, K'Meyer, Tracy E.

January 1, Lexington, Kentucky : University Press of Kentucky. Potter Collection". View of downtown Louisville, Kentucky, with buildings submerged by floodwater.

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Land Office. Accessed September 19, May Archived from the original on September 12, Retrieved July 12, The Times-Tribune.

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